Traditional Korean funeral
Korean funeral rite begins with the sheltering of the deceased in a special room separated with a screen, in front of a sacrificial table with a massive picture of the deceased. Photography came into use recently, the doprezh just replace the name plate. The corners of the image are encircled with black ribbons, too, the modern tradition: Korean funerals used to take place under a white the color of mourning. On the table of the sacrificial meal, incense, rarely – candles. A mourning ceremony ought to lead the closest relative of the deceased. Despite this, all stewards are invited more often to remove all the practical problems with relatives, grieving. In addition, this person is more aware of the nuances of the ceremony and rules, which, although easier, but still tricky. Another day on the Korean ceremony the corpse is washed, put in a coffin, which remains fenced. Prepare a mourning flag, which is then carried before the funeral procession. Embroider on it the surname, the clan of the deceased. For three days, until the body is in the house or the hospital, relatives, friends, people who knew the deceased come to pay their respects to the family. They’re supposed to meet the sons of the deceased. Daughter, usually, in a ceremony not attended. Korean funeral rite involved the offering of Joss sticks, which are now increasingly replaced by flowers, focusing on the Western tradition. Performed a farewell bow in front of the screen, then escorted guests to the memorial table. Korean funeral rites coming bring money. The amount for ordinary guests and can reach up to forty dollars, people close to do more. The envelope is marked with the amount and address of the donor. Quite far familiar just send the envelope. Mourning ritual clothes made of canvas are now valid only as headgear, but mostly it is customary to wear a black suit.
When traditions were strong, Korean funeral rite was admitted a considerable period of time between death and burial. The last day counted special the Oracle, this day and was able to defend for a few months from the date of death. Today is increasingly trying to meet the three-day period, although a fixed date still not provided. Earlier the process of burial was preceded by “eternal farewell”, a process which included the offering of sacrificial foods (usually fruits and wine). After which the procession was heading to the cemetery. They carried domico with the name of the deceased, was carrying forth the banner of mourning, then carried the coffin behind which was a senior (the closest relative) in mourning, followed by other relatives, after guests. Now this traditional Korean funeral rite is seen only in small villages, while the townspeople burying the dead away from home, as prefer transport buses, and women often tolerate all the members in the funeral procession (previously this was unacceptable). European style cemeteries became known not so long ago. From graves of 17 million only 3 million were located in large cemeteries (1980) Usually buried in the mountains and settled on the place where the fortuneteller stated, historical perspective. Geomancy (divination by the marks of the earth) and now has spread. Modern Koreans think is the best way to follow the predictions of geomentum. Modern Korean funeral rite the remote location dictates the burial of the city walls. In this regard, were the proliferation of funeral services, which take responsibility for the burial. Often graves are located on the slopes of the mountains, and for the arrival of the procession they were ready for burial. Before the coffin was lowered in four-foot pit, covered with a mourning banner. Choose monuments from a small mound. Husband and wife buried together, and men are traditionally given more honor left side. Some graves only crowns the hill, although the recent spread and other decoration in the form of stelae, tables of casualties. Sacrificial service to start after the grave covered with earth. Such offerings are different, and the followers of Christianity they are trying not to participate. Though a single strategy is not here: many do not see the difference between “inactive participation” and “participation by all”, so for the most part, even the Koreans are Christians trying to be faithful to the traditions.
The period of mourning and behavior during earlier such were strictly defined. During the time of mourning depending on the degree of kinship to the person was recommended to observe various taboos. Clothes too were not the usual – white canvas. The longest mourning fell to the eldest son and his wife – 3 years. These rules were revised in the 20th century, due to the fact that such ritual action (mourning, sacrifice, etc.) were invoices from the material point of view. Today Koreans wear mourning for parents during the 100 days, but most often in traditions Buddhists – 49 days. Traditional funeral vestments forbidden by law, although in the day of the funeral, some wear them. During the mourning ribbon from the canvas weave in women’s hair, men such ribbons hang on the jacket.