Seoul-capital of South Korea
The Capital Of South Korea
The ancient city of Seoul – capital of South Korea, where more than 11 million people. Today this city can be compared to other megacities of the developed Asian countries – there is also a quirky mix of tradition and innovation, fast rhythm of life and the peacefulness of Buddhist temples, the gray contrasts of block apartment buildings with traditional architecture and futuristic buildings in the heart of the city. Seasoned travelers have noted with humour that to stay in Seoul for a long time is not necessary – after it is very difficult to return to normal life.
Today, Seoul is confident to develop tourist destinations – here an influx of tourists from other Asian countries, and it is gaining popularity among Russian tourists. Today fly to Seoul direct flights from Moscow, Novosibirsk, Khabarovsk and Vladivostok. In fact, the airport of Seoul is located in the neighboring city of Incheon, but to get him to the capital on a special train in just 40 minutes.
The history of Seoul
The first settlements appeared on the site of modern Seoul in the 18th century BC. But the capital city was only in the 14th century. It is true then it was called hanseong was the capital of the Joseon dynasty. This lasted until the early 20th century and most of the historical monuments constructed during the reign of this dynasty. During Japan’s domination in Korea, the city continued to remain his capital and after the surrender of the Japanese in 1945, the city got its present name of Seoul.
After independence from Japan, Seoul was severely damaged after becoming the target twice in the Korean war, passing into the hands of the Chinese and serveraliases. Despite the fact that in fact this war ended, both countries still do not recognize the autonomy and independence of its neighbor. Their rivalry perfectly reflects historical fact – when the parties have negotiated a ceasefire, the meeting was an ordinary military tent. The parties wanted to compete with each other and every meeting brought the flags of their States more than the other one, hoping their size to beat the enemy. When the flags are simply no longer fit in the tent, the parties had to agree on the harmonization of the dimensions of a national symbol. To this day, these sizes are used when the meetings of representatives of North and South Korea, to avoid a new round of competition.
After capturing the enemy city was received back, but at the cost of severe damage – almost all historical buildings were severely damaged. However, the persistence and diligence of local residents helped to restore the city and today it is difficult to guess that almost all historical buildings were rebuilt and reconstructed. A reason Forbes has recognized residents of South Korea’s most industrious nation in the world.
Attractions of Seoul
The tourist who first came to Seoul, definitely worth to visit historical sights – most beautiful palaces and temples, built many centuries ago. Among the major palaces we should note the following:
Changdeokgung is the only thing which preserved the style of the ruling Joseon dynasty, for which he was an official residence. On site in addition to the forbidden Palace there is a Park where you could previously get only the king and his family, it is part of the Royal tomb and the stele established to the memory of all the Korean kings.
Gyeongbokgung is the largest Palace in Seoul. There are several museums and a beautiful Park where you can explore the picturesque Lotus pond.
Deoksugung Palace is another residence of the Royal family, which today houses a Japanese art gallery and collection of treasures of the Royal family.
As in any Asian country in South Korea many interesting Buddhist temples, for example Bongwonsa and Bongeunsa. And this despite the fact that the country is Christianity the most widespread religion. Christians here is 6% more than the Buddhists, and agnostics really atheists and that is more – nearly half the population of the country.
Besides palaces and temples, the attention you deserve in Seoul Great South gate and East . which were the entrance to the city, the sanctuary Monma, art center HoAM, many museums and galleries.
Among today’s attractions: Golden tower with a height of 262 meters, one of the highest buildings in Asia. At its top there is not only an observation platform but also a large aquarium. Worth a visit and the “Construction world” — a favorite place for entertainment of the local population. It is a Park with exciting rides, a folklore village, ice rink and regular shows and performances. And don’t forget about the Museum of optical illusions – the most visited Museum in Seoul. But recently interest to tourists has become the most prestigious area of the city – thanks to a local Gangnam singer PSY, literally blew up the world a couple of years ago his track “Gangnam Style” about the luxurious lifestyles that are the inhabitants of this district.
Historical and modern attractions in Seoul a great many. An ordinary tourist can for a few days to explore them all and to think that I learned the city, but an experienced traveler will go for a walk along the city streets and, even after so few weeks, understand how little he managed to see and learn about this wonderful city.