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In Japan there are 126,7 million people (1999), on the main island of Honshu – 101 million on the island of Kyushu – 13.4 million on the island of Shikoku – 4.2 million and on Hokkaido island – 5.7 million people.
Japan’s population is extremely homogeneous in the racial, ethnic, linguistic and religious relations. However there are approx. 600 thousand Koreans, although many of them were born and raised in the Islands, speak Japanese and sometimes Japanese names are. Another minority – this, or burakumin, descendants of the medieval caste, the members of which were engaged in slaughtering, dressing of leather, were the garbage men, clowns and were considered “people of the meanest professions.” Currently, there are about 3 million burakumin.
The state total area 377688 sq km, is located in East Asia, located on the 4 large Islands: Kyushu, Shikoku, Honshu, Hokkaido, the Ryukyu Islands and more than 4,000 smaller Islands. On the North it is washed by sea of Okhotsk, in the East – the Pacific ocean, on the South by the Pacific ocean and East China sea, on the West by the Korea Strait and the sea of Japan.
Japanese Islands formed at the intersection of several volcanic island arcs surrounding the Pacific coast of Asia. The Northern Continue reading
Features of the material culture of Koreans vividly reflect the ethnic history of the Korean people, in particular the history of its interaction with neighboring peoples of Eastern Asia, primarily the Chinese. A number of features of the material culture of Koreans on the origin associated with tropical and subtropical areas of Southeast Asia, bring them together with other far Eastern peoples: many aspects of agriculture, particularly rice cultivation, alternating possibility gardening, types of agricultural implements, such as plough and cattle (no milk), poultry and pigs of southern origin, dog meat as food, clothing swing type sweater or Bathrobe and more. All this indicates, undoubtedly, a significant part in the formation of Korean ethnic groups of southern origin, originally associated with the extreme South of China, Indochina and Indonesia. It is possible that the language of these “southern” group were Indonesians, related to certain groups of ancient Yue, who, according to Chinese historians, the Zhou time was reached in the North of modern Shan-Tung. It should also be borne in mind that “southern” elements in the culture of people in Ireland could be considerably strengthened by immigrants from the aforementioned Yin of China, the culture Continue reading
For three millennia (from the end of the 4th Millennium BC) in the valleys of the Tigris and Euphrates (Mesopotamia), as well as in the coastal areas of the Mediterranean sea and the mountainous areas of the Central part of Asia Minor arose the centers of ancient culture – the early slaveholding States: Sumer, Akkad, Babylon, Syro-Phoenicia, Assyria, the Hittite States, Urartu, and others.
West Asia can be called a kind of cradle of world civilization. Diverse peoples living in these States, as in contact with the Asian mainland and South East Asia, and Cretan-Mycenaean world.
In the art of southwest Asia have developed the same kinds of art, and in Egypt: monumental architecture, round sculpture, relief, small plastic, jewelry art. But the unique environmental conditions determine whether features of the architecture of Mesopotamia: the erection of buildings on elevated locations, use of less durable material – mud brick, simple cubic volumes, etc., the Underdevelopment of the mortuary cult in Mesopotamia led to the lack of monumental sculpture. However, statues of deities and rulers significant. In the reliefs of Mesopotamia born topics related to victorious wars, acts of rulers. Continue reading